Consultant to Map Vulnerability of Women and Girls to Trafficking in Seven States of India
United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM)
Location: New Delhi
Last Date: July 10, 2010
UNIFEM South Asia Regional Office
D-53 Defence Colony
New Delhi, India - 24
Starting date : 1 July
: 10 July 2010
Map Vulnerability of Women and Girls to Trafficking in Seven States of India
United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM)
Duration : 60
Working Days over Two Months Period
Type of Contract : SSA – (Short Service
(or modern slavery), a form of coercive migration for exploitative labour,
commercial sexual exploitation and other illegal purposes,
has reached alarming proportions across India. Trafficking in women and girls is
rampant and its toll on human suffering is evident throughout the country.
The United Nations has described human trafficking as a gross violation of human
Human trafficking is increasingly being recognized as a complex process, a
systematic economic phenomenon, involving the interplay of several contributing
factors and vulnerabilities that are created by social, economic and in some
cases, political factors. The diagram
here explains further the thin line between migration, human smuggling and human
trafficking and the other related issues that emerge.
concerns of the Government of India to address the situation and prevent
trafficking are evident from the serious effort towards implementation of the
Immoral Traffic Prevention Act (1956)
and allocations of budgets for the same. India is also beginning to see
increased collaboration between the government, UN agencies, law enforcement
agencies and the civil society organizations in rescue and rehabilitation of the
victims / survivors of trafficking. Furthermore, the Indian Government has
demonstrated its commitment by ratifying the SAARC Convention (January 2002) on
preventing and combating trafficking among the women and children. Therefore,
the time to act on this issue is now.
is the development fund for women at the UN dedicated to advancing women’s
rights and achieving gender equality globally. As the spearhead agency on this
issue, UNIFEM has a singularly strong record on working to end violence against
women (including trafficking) – a core part of its mandate in advancing the
human rights of women.
A Life Free of
Violence: Unleashing the Power of Women’s Empowerment and Gender Equality:
Strategy 2008–2013 of UNIFEM, outlines preventing and responding
(protecting) as key domains of intervention to counter violence against women
which includes trafficking (refer to Box 01).
01: Two Domains of Intervention
violence against women and girls
focuses on transforming discriminatory social attitudes, norms and practices,
through sustained multi-faceted and mutually-reinforcing interventions that
tackle root causes, protective and risk factors
a view to securing protection, quality comprehensive care, enforcement of laws
and access to justice for violence survivors, and ending impunity for
Substantial work has been undertaken in India on anti-trafficking initiatives,
but these interventions have largely focussed on prosecution and law enforcement
addressing it from the criminal justice perspective. UNIFEM intends to focus its
attention on Prevention Initiatives concentrating on the high source districts
of the country.
this region, women and girls are trafficked within their own countries or across
international borders against their will, in what is essentially a clandestine
slave trade. The number of trafficked persons is difficult to determine as the
corruption, violence and the Mafioso surrounding the practice render an
estimate of its magnitude virtually impossible. The CEDAW concluding remarks
(2009) clearly points out at the lack of sensitive and appropriate data on the
issue of violence against women in the entire region. Even the Ministry of Women
and Child Development’s (Government of India) Annual Report for 2009 suggests
that there is an urgent need for further research and academic pursuit on the
issue of human trafficking. The recently concluded anti-trafficking programme
evaluation of UNIFEM acknowledges the good work done in 2005 with regard to
research on the issue of human trafficking but also recommends further work to
be undertaken in this regard.
Need for a Consultant:
the anti-human trafficking work forward UNIFEM responded to the European
Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) – Call for Proposal and
submitted a project proposal that has been successfully selected for funding.
The project is entitled:
“To support the Government of India’s efforts to stop trafficking in women and
girls through community action at the Panchayat Level in partnership with the
National Commission for Women”
programming action will be implemented in partnership with the National
Commission for Women. As per the approved European Commission Proposal the
selected states for programme implementation are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and
West Bengal. But UNIFEM intends to expand its funding base further and work
in at least seven States of India responding to the need on the ground. Other
than the ones mentioned above these states are Assam, Karnataka, Maharashtra
is looking for a consultant to undertake a quick desk based study (secondary
research and data analysis) on and validation missions to all these seven
selected states in India and substantiate the understanding of maximum
vulnerability of women and girls to trafficking in these particular states. This
is a follow up on the countrywide study “Trafficking in Women and Children”,
India by Institute of Social Sciences on behalf of the National Human Rights
Commission in 2005 which still remains the most comprehensive study to be ever
undertaken in the country.
commissioning this study UNIFEM’s effort is to bridge the information gap that
exists with specific focus on these particular states and inform the
implementation of its anti-trafficking programme in these states and also enable
government and civil society organisations to plan and position their programmes
better. This is also to corroborate the justification of locating UNIFEM’s
prevention programme efforts in these particular states.
consultant will develop a research framework and design in coordination with
the UNIFEM programme team before initiating the study.
consultant will undertake a detailed desk review of secondary data from
UNIFEM’s anti-trafficking documentation, research and documentation work that
has come out of UNODC, UNICEF and ILO, existing academic research, the
abovementioned NHRC study, NGO reports and studies undertaken in these
particular states, media reports that have come out of these States and at the
national level, information available on the internet, etc.
consultant will also analyse the census and other government data that link
with human trafficking (migration and HIV and AIDS).
consultant will develop a stakeholder list who she / he will interview as
respondents in her validation missions in these seven states of the country
and develop questionnaires for each group of stakeholders.
consultant will undertake validation missions in all the seven states and
interview relevant stakeholders from the government, NGOs, shelter home
managers and survivors of trafficking, etc.
consultant will then develop an overall report on the basis of her findings of
the desk research and validation mission and submit the same to UNIFEM for
approval and finalisation.
A comprehensive research framework for the study.
A stakeholder analysis and different sets of questionnaires for the
A comprehensive (and detailed) study report for approval and finalisation
in hard and soft copy.
The consultant will also develop a strong PowerPoint presentation and
dissemination plan that details tracking evidence of use that will be shared at
a stakeholders meeting in Delhi.
of July to the 15th of October 2010.
Research framework submitted = 20th of July 2010 (which will be
approved by UNIFEM staff through deliberations by the 25th of July
Stakeholder analysis and questionnaires submitted = 25th of July
2010 (which will have to be approved by UNIFEM staff through deliberations by
the 30th of July 2010).
seven validation missions from the period between 1st to the 31st
of August 2010.
draft of the Study Report submitted = 10th September 2010.
Study Report submitted = 31st September 2010 (through inputs,
feedback and deliberations with UNIFEM staff members).
number of working days = 60 days.
Experience and Skill Set:
Masters Degree in Gender Studies, International Development Business
Administration, Public Administration, Economics, Political Sciences, Social
Sciences or related field.
At least ten years of relevant experience at the South Asia regional or
international level. Extensive experience in human rights based programming,
development research and programming of anti trafficking.
Experience of working within the UN system as a researcher / consultant.
Experience of successfully working on Research Studies individually or as a
Fluency in English and an Indian language is a must.
will be commensurate with the experience of the applicant. Please mention the
expected per day consultancy rate in your application letter.
assignment will be supervised by the Anti-trafficking Programme Officer of
UNIFEM, SARO, under the guidance of the Senior Policy Adviser.
send in your detailed resume, a completed UN P11 form along with a sample of a
programme document prepared by COB Tuesday, the 10th of July 2010 to
Criteria for selection:
on the above specified experience and skill set the emphasis with regard to
criteria for selection will be given to consultants who have actually undertaken
research work on anti-trafficking. Consultants who have worked with the UN
system will be given special preference.
applicants should apply for the vacancy, using the “Personal
History Form - P 11” and the latest CV.
Application to this vacancy should
be sent to
email@example.com.. Please insert
Announcement Number in the Subject of the E-mail. Applications without the
Vacancy Number or with the incorrect Vacancy Number will not be accepted.
NOTE : Only short-listed candidates
will be contacted.